AnyLogic provides users with the easy mechanism of integrating AnyLogic models with external Java applications.
AnyLogic comes with a set of special How To models demonstrating different integration scenarios and containing code that can be used as a starting point in case you need some particular integration case and want to develop the given solution further in your Java project.
This article describes how to run AnyLogic model without UI from external Java application. This integration case is implemented in the following how-to model:
Let's study what should be done to make the model run without model window from external Java application. Please open this how-to model by clicking the link given above. Study the model inner structure.
The model contains:
Please open MyApplication Java class by double-clicking it in the Projects view. You will see the following code there:
System.out.println() calls just output some information about the model run progress, so you should pay your great attention here to just two lines.
First of all, to the line CustomExperiment
new CustomExperiment(null); Here the constructor
of the custom experiment named CustomExperiment
called. Please note that CustomExperiment
here is the name of the custom experiment in this particular
model, not the name of the base class for custom
experiments in AnyLogic. In case the experiment is named MyExperiment, you need to
MyExperiment s = new MyExperiment(null);
This constructor has the argument that accepts the parent of this custom experiment - in case you call the custom experiment from simulation experiment, you should pass the link to this simulation experiment as the argument of the custom experiment's constructor.
Another important line of code is ex.run().
Here we run the created experiment ex by
calling its function run().
Also you can see that you can easily set up experiment parameter values - they are accessible as experiment fields simply by their names. Here we set 0.012345 as the value of Fraction parameter by writing ex.Fraction=0.012345; Note that your external application may choose and set up arbitrary values for the model parameters.
To check how this
integration scenario works
If you want to use the described technique in your application and continue developing it further in some Java IDE, please follow the steps described below. We will describe how to apply this solution in Java project created in Java IDE Eclipse. If you do not have Java project in Eclipse, create it as described here (online help documentation on Eclipse web site).
To use the
described technique in your Java application
First of all we need to export the model as standalone application (we recommend to export the model directly to the folder of your Java project).
Add the .jar files created on the model export to your Java project. Therefore first refresh the project tree by right-clicking (Mac OS: Ctrl+clicking) the project item in the tree and choosing the Refresh command from the pop-up menu.
Now you will see new files appeared in the project folder.
Select them and choose Build path > Add to build path from the context menu. You need to add compiled .jar file of the model and also .jar files required for successful model compilation. But do not add the bat/cmd/sh file since it is purposed just for launching the exported model and we do not need it in our project.
Import the package containing the model classes by writing the following line in the very beginning of the class code in your project:
(You can know the model package name in AnyLogic, in
the Advanced properties
section of the model)
So, in our particular case you should write:
Please note that you can use usual Code Completion (displayed on pressing Ctrl+space) while typing code in Eclipse.
Now you can refer to model classes in the code of your project. The easiest way to implement the described solution is just to copy the function main() from the model's Java class MyApplication into the class of your Java project:
That's all, now you can check how it works - run the class as Java application. You will see that the custom experiment was run but the model window was not shown. You can see the output information displayed in the Eclipse Console view.
Integrating AnyLogic models with external Java applications
Launching AnyLogic model from external applications