Phase 4. Adding ticket
At the moment all the passengers in our model enter
entrance building, then pass through the fare gates and go to the
trains. So we assume that all passengers have bought their
tickets in advance. Actually
this can be hardly true. Some people may enter the station with the
tickets being purchased in advance. But a lot of people buy tickets
just when they enter the subway station.
There can be different ticket vending facilities in the
Small subway entrances may provide only ticket vending
big and spacious stations also have ticket offices.
Let's expand our model by adding ticket vending machines
Having built such a model, we want to know the number of machines we
need to satisfy the passenger needs and we can also find the optimal
location for the machines to minimize the passenger flows
intersections and crowds.
Like fare gates, ticket vending machines can be also
naturally represented as Services
- Drag the Service
with Lines element
the Space Markup
section of the Pedestrian
palette into the graphical editor.
- Rotate the service shapes and place them near the wall as
shown in the figure below:
- Open the services properties and configure this group of
- This time our services are not linear, but point.
Pedestrian just reaches the service point and stais
time. So leave the Type
of service set to Point.
- Name the services ticketMachines.
the Number of services
to 7. Symmetrically, change the N
of queues also to 7.
Now we want to route some passengers directly to fare gates, and some -
to get serviced at the ticket vending machines.
Modify the model
- Insert the PedSelectOutput block between inflowSource and atFareGates blocks. The block will be automatically connected when you place in on
This block separates passenger flows. We need this
block to route non-ticketed passengers to ticket vending
while other ones – straight to the fare gates. PedSelectOutput
block is a decision making block of Pedestrian
arriving at the PedSelectOutput
block are forwarded along one of its output
ports depending on the specified ratios.
- Add one more PedService
block. This block will simulate how passengers
are serviced at ticket vending mechines. Place it between the second out port of PedSelectOutput and
the existing PedService
- Connect the blocks as shown in the figure (this will require drawing two new
connectors between the second out
port of PedSelectOutput and atFareGates blocks).
- Configure the PedSelectOutput
block. Name the block routePassengers. Specify
0.9 as Probability
1 (the ratio for flow
going directly to fare gates), and 0.1 as the Probability
2 (ratio for the flow going to ticket vending
In this flowchart we assume that the number of
passengers that have already bought their tickets is actually
significantly higher. Set Probability
3, 4, 5 equal to 0.
- Configure the just added PedService block. Rename
the block to atTVM.
- Choose ticketMachines
(the name of our Service
with Lines markup shape) as the Services.
- Change the Delay
time. Write there:
triangular(7, 12, 40) and choose seconds from the drop-down list
We assume that service time is triangularly distributed
with minimum value of 7 seconds, average value of 12,
and maximum value of 40 seconds.
Let's run the model and
observe its behavior. Note that now
some passengers first go to the ticket
vending machines to buy a ticket and only then pass through fare gates.
Displaying pedestrian density map